The book of Deuteronomy is the fifth (or the seventh! See commentary to Behalotcha ) and the last book of the Torah.
It is at the level of Malchut. Moshe begins his talk to the nation of Yisrael and "give them on the head". He scolds them for their behavior and disbelief in the G-d.
(Deuteronomy 1:26-29) " וְלֹא אֲבִיתֶם, לַעֲלֹת; וַתַּמְרוּ, אֶת-פִּי יקוָק אֱלֹהֵיכֶם. " " You would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of G-d "
" ו ַתֵּרָגְנוּ בְאָהֳלֵיכֶם, וַתֹּאמְרוּ, בְּשִׂנְאַת יקוָק אֹתָנוּ, הוֹצִיאָנוּ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם–לָתֵת אֹתָנוּ בְּיַד הָאֱמֹרִי, לְהַשְׁמִידֵנוּ "
"And you murmured in your tents, and said: \’Because G-d hated us, He brought us out of the land of Egypt , to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us"
And the effect was ( 1:34 , 35) " ו ַיִּשְׁמַע יקוָק, אֶת-קוֹל דִּבְרֵיכֶם; וַיִּקְצֹף, וַיִּשָּׁבַע לֵאמֹר "
" אִם-יִרְאֶה אִישׁ בָּאֲנָשִׁים הָאֵלֶּה, הַדּוֹר הָרָע הַזֶּה–אֵת, הָאָרֶץ הַטּוֹבָה, אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּעְתִּי, לָתֵת לַאֲבֹתֵיכֶם "
" And G-d heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and swore, saying " " \’surely there shall not one of these men, even this evil generation, see the good land, which I swore to give unto your fathers,"
Again and again they try to go away from G-d ( 1:41 , 42, 43) and then the results were ( 1:44 ).
When following the way of G-d, all obstacles, removed ( 2:32 , 33)
" וַיֵּצֵא סִיחֹן לִקְרָאתֵנוּ הוּא וְכָל-עַמּוֹ, לַמִּלְחָמָה–יָהְצָה " " Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, unto battle at Jahaz."
Then G-d help " וַיִּתְּנֵהוּ יקוָק אֱלֹהֵינוּ, לְפָנֵינוּ; וַנַּךְ אֹתוֹ וְאֶת-בָּנָו, וְאֶת-כָּל-עַמּוֹ ", " And G-d delivered him up before us; and we smote him, and his sons, and all his people ".
Moshe knows that he will leave the world in 37 days and he want to give the nation the final lessons on how to see and trust G-d in order to win their enemies.
When a righteous person leave the world, all his spiritual work translated as Light stays in Malchut.
Today, the fifth of Av, is the hillulah (death anniversary of Rabbi Isaac Luria, "the Ari Hakadosh". We celebrate this day because of the great light the Ari reveal in the world.
His light created a cosmic signature that we can connect to every year. A holiday " חג ", in Hebrew means "circle". It is repeated every year. " שנה " is the root word for \’repeat\’ and also \’change\’.
As we know Malchut, the physical world doesn\’t have a light of its own. The light is revealed ONLY when we push it back, (you can not see your hand in the dark, unless the light reflects from it).
The book of Deuteronomy, " דברים " " משנה־תורה ", reflects and therefore reveals the light of the whole Torah.
Moshe in his words guide us to understand that we need to trust G-d so he can bless and do the work for us. (1:11) " יקוָק אֱלֹהֵי אֲבוֹתֵכֶם, יֹסֵף עֲלֵיכֶם כָּכֶם–אֶלֶף פְּעָמִים; וִיבָרֵךְ אֶתְכֶם, כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר לָכֶם " " The G-d of your fathers, make you a thousand times so many more as you are, and bless you, as He has promised you!– " and (1:30) "יקוָק אֱלֹהֵיכֶם הַהֹלֵךְ לִפְנֵיכֶם, הוּא יִלָּחֵם לָכֶם: כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה אִתְּכֶם, בְּמִצְרַיִם–לְעֵינֵיכֶם. " " God who goes before you, He shall fight for you, according to all that He did for you in Egypt before your eyes \’
And (1:31) " ו ּבַמִּדְבָּר, אֲשֶׁר רָאִיתָ, אֲשֶׁר נְשָׂאֲךָ יקוָק אֱלֹהֶיךָ, כַּאֲשֶׁר יִשָּׂא-אִישׁ אֶת-בְּנוֹ–בְּכָל-הַדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר הֲלַכְתֶּם, עַד-בֹּאֲכֶם עַד-הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה " " and in the wilderness, where you has seen how that G-d carry you, as a man carry his son, in all the way that you went, until you came unto this place ".
The Ari writings on this parasha, talks about the 7 Edomite kings that are a kabalistic secret to the creation of the world and the process of correction and elevating the sparks of light from negativity to make the final correction of the world and to bring about Mashiach.
This is the essence of the parasha, to understand that distancing ourselves from the Light puts us in trouble and loss.
The Shabbat we read Devarim is called " שבת־חזון " because of the Haphtarah, which is from Isaiah 1, Isaiah brings the words of G-d about the behavior of the nation. He describes in harsh words how the people left the ways of G-d.
(Isaiah 1:4) " הוֹי גּוֹי חֹטֵא, עַם כֶּבֶד עָוֹן–זֶרַע מְרֵעִים, בָּנִים מַשְׁחִיתִים; עָזְבוּ אֶת-יקוָק, נִאֲצוּ אֶת-קְדוֹשׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל–נָזֹרוּ אָחוֹר. " " Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evil-doers, children that deal corruptly; they have forsaken the LORD, they have contemned the Holy One of Israel , they are turned away backward ".
Isaiah compares the nation\’s ways to the people of Sodom and Gomorrah . (Read Isaiah 1:9, 10).
(1:11) " לָמָּה-לִּי רֹב-זִבְחֵיכֶם יֹאמַר יְהוָה, שָׂבַעְתִּי עֹלוֹת אֵילִים וְחֵלֶב מְרִיאִים; וְדַם פָּרִים וּכְבָשִׂים וְעַתּוּדִים, לֹא חָפָצְתִּי " " כִּי תָבֹאוּ, לֵרָאוֹת פָּנָי–מִי-בִקֵּשׁ זֹאת מִיֶּדְכֶם, רְמֹס חֲצֵרָי "
" To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto Me? saith the LORD; I am full of the burnt-offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he-goats. "
"When ye come to appear before Me, who hath required this at your hand, to trample My courts?"
What G-d really wants from us?
" רַחֲצוּ, הִזַּכּוּ–הָסִירוּ רֹעַ מַעַלְלֵיכֶם, מִנֶּגֶד עֵינָי: חִדְלוּ, הָרֵעַ. " " לִמְדוּ הֵיטֵב דִּרְשׁוּ מִשְׁפָּט, אַשְּׁרוּ חָמוֹץ; שִׁפְטוּ יָתוֹם, רִיבוּ אַלְמָנָה "
" Wash you, make you clean, put away the evil of your doings from before Mine eyes, cease to do evil; " " Learn to do well; seek justice, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. "
In simple words, G-d doesn\’t want our prayers and sacrifices. If we are not good to each other then no matter how much we pray, G-d will ignore and won\’t listen to us.
This prophecy tells us exactly that the important is not the prayer, but the action.
There is a little story in the Zohar about two of the students of Rabbi Shimon that visited a house and the child that was a high soul didn\’t want to greet them because he felt that they didn\’t do their morning prayer. The two great rabbis said that the child is correct and that is because they were busy with helping someone.
This teaches us that the first priority is to help people. Prayers are important for us to draw the light of the creator and be able to help others. The reward of a Mitzvah is a Mitzvah. When we do good deeds, we have the merit and opportunity to do more of them.
When we pray, we should ask G-d to give us the opportunity to help others, to be smart in order to teach and guide others, to be rich and zillionaires because we want to create more jobs and sustenance for many people and families.
When we are all thinking about each other instead of the self then (Isaiah 1:27 )
" צִיּוֹן, בְּמִשְׁפָּט תִּפָּדֶה; וְשָׁבֶיהָ, בִּצְדָקָה "
I won\’t even put the English translation because it can never reveal the power of this verse.
" צִיּוֹן " is the Light that comes from the " יה " of Holy name through the " ו " (Yesod).
When we are with justice " בְּמִשְׁפָּט " (central column), " וְשָׁב "+ " יה " is the return of the supernal Chokmah and Binah to Malchut " בִּצְדָקָה ".
These five words of verse 27 with numeric value of 1600 have the secret of the coming of Mashiach. Today, Amen.