Through the ages, this question has occupied the minds of many, and there are some good answers out there. When I ponder this question, however, I immediately see the Final Redemption.
We have learned from the Torah and the sages that Moshe was the first redeemer and will also be the last redeemer. And, in many of my articles about the Torah portions, I have made the connection between Moshe and Mashiach.
For hundreds of years, we have celebrated Passover and each time have followed the steps in the Haggadah in, more or less, a robotic way as we enjoy the family gathering and the heightened feeling of either the fine or cheap wine.
It is after the third cup of wine that we pour a special one for Elijah the Prophet. We open the door and invite him to join our Seder. And, at this point, we recite 32 words (120 letters): 20 words from Psalms 79:6-7, 6 words from Psalms 69:25 and 6 words from Lamentation 3:66.
Without going into the numbers, it is here that we find a section that states, “Pour your wrath upon … all the nations that do not recognize the name and annihilate them.” And, in last week’s Shabbat “Hagadol,” we read in the Haftarah from Malachi 3:23, “הִנֵּה אָנֹכִי שֹׁלֵחַ לָכֶם, אֵת אֵלִיָּה הַנָּבִיא–לִפְנֵי, בּוֹא יוֹם יְהוָה, הַגָּדוֹל, וְהַנּוֹרָא.”
We see here a clear connection between the holiday of Passover and the Final Redemption. On the one hand, we read in the Haggadah the story and discussion of the first redemption, while on the other we create the opening for the Final Redemption, when we invite Eliyahu—Elijah the Prophet—to the Seder.
The Seder will take place on the night of the first full moon of the year (Nissan, Aries, Taleh). And as we already know, this year we have the additional blessing of the Sun the morning before the Seder Night. The Sun is in its 207th cycle of 28 years since Creation, and 207 is the numerical value of Light and Endless: “אור”and “אין סוף”,
So we ask again: why is Moshe not in the Haggadah?
Moshe was the first redeemer and, as the sages tell us, he will also be the last redeemer. Because the month of Nissan is known as the month of redemption, we are not allowed to visit the dead in the cemetery or even to eulogize people that just passed away. Thus, if Moshe were in the Haggadah, it would be as though we are talking about history and the dead. Yet, Moshe never died; in fact, he is biding his time to enter the land of Israel and bring about the Final Redemption. He is not mentioned in this particular story of the past because he is in “the story of the future.”
During this Passover, may we merit to see the Light of Redemption and hear the announcement of the coming of Mashiach from Elijah himself.